Family and parental dynamics can greatly affect a child’s mental health. Exposing children to stressful family environments can cause serious mental health problems for children that can negatively affect their adult lives.
Parents, children and mental health problems
Although it can be hard to imagine that a parent could negatively affect their child’s development, family environments are often toxic and volatile resulting in ongoing tragedy and suffering. Children can feel helpless, humiliated, or even anxious because of the stressful circumstances their parents have caused.
Such experiences can lead to anxiety disorders, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other mental health problems in children. There is no doubt that parents play the most important role in shaping the psychological and emotional health of their children, especially in early childhood, according to Research.
Related: 14 signs that your child is struggling with his mental health
How parents affect children’s mental health
Most mental health problems have their roots in childhood. Various familial influences, such as the patterns of attachment and care provided by the parents, can greatly affect a child’s early life and determine his life trajectory as well. Behavioral problems, observed in about 5-10% of young children, are one of the most widely observed psychological problems in children. Such problems can lead to a range of negative outcomes, such as physical illness, mental disorders, deviant behavior, academic performance issues, and relationship problems.
according to 2017 study By mental health therapist Rachel Ryan and colleagues, “Parenting is a major risk factor in the development of early psychopathology.” The researchers add that “lower levels of sensitive parenting and greater use of harsh discipline were causally associated with the development of behavioral problems” in children. else study found that there was a strong association between family structure and rates of admission of children to inpatient psychiatric hospitals. In fact, researchers have found that family psychiatric history and trauma increase the likelihood of readmission.
Recently Research I set it Parental warmth, behavioral control, and autonomy“Helping to regulate emotions in children. However, emotional and harsh control by parents is closely associated with internalized problems, depression, anxiety, and even suicidal ideation in adolescents. It can make children feel alienated and isolated from their family, friends, peers, and society, leading to feelings of loneliness, introversion and withdrawal social.
In fact, studies She reveals that quarreling parents can also cause mental health problems for children. Moreover, negative influence from parents can also affect a child in his adult life, affecting his social life, relationship with others, trust and intimacy in romantic relationships, health, and personal development. Researchers from Study 2019 “She found that experiences of growing up in a dysfunctional home can lead to relational problems later in life and that the need for support can persist into adulthood.“
Related: Understanding the power and control wheel of child abuse
Parental behavior and mental health problems in children
The impact of parent-child relationship on mental health problems is determined by 3 main factors –
1. The degree of critical negativity, overprotection, or excessive control demonstrated by a parent.
2. Parental modeling of anxiety.
3. How closely the child relates to his or her parents or primary caregivers.
The researchers also found that maternal behavior and parent-child interaction are critical factors in the development of anxiety disorders in children. Furthermore, maternal anxiety can directly lead to anxiety disorder in children.
1. Critical and overprotective parenting
according to study Written by Jennifer L. Hudson, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology and Director of the Center for Emotional Health, Macquarie University, “Parenting has a small but significant effect on the development of anxiety and depression in young children.Negative parenting behaviors such as overprotective parenting and parenting can lead to avoidance behaviors in children. It can also prevent a child from approaching new experiences and opportunities and cause anxiety to develop from potentially stressful situations.
This can make the child unable to recognize and detect threats in new or frightened situations and learn how to deal with them. Moreover, when a parent is constantly critical, it can cause the development of depression And the worry in children. By belittling and criticizing a child’s feelings, parents impair and paralyze a child’s ability to regulate their emotions, increasing their chances of developing mental health problems.